Saturday, March 29, 2014

Haunted Places: Greystone Park Psychiatric Hospital


Today’s guest author is Denise K. Rago, known for her paranormal romance novels. Here she shares some history and photos of a haunted hospital near her home in Morris Plains, New Jersey.


"They have stripped me of my madness, 
that disease had sown and cultured,
They have granted me the spirit 
and the will to smile in healthy gladness,
When I’d once frowned like a vulture, 
in six months time on Greystone’s verdant hill." 

~ Richard Davis Comstock, patient at Greystone, 
from his book Rhymes of a Raver, 1930 ~

I know it as Greystone Park, a sprawling complex of buildings set on a massive hill smack in the middle of suburbia. Samuel Sloan’s New Jersey Hospital for the Insane opened its doors on August 17, 1877, to 342 patients to accommodate the overcrowded “lunatic asylum” in Trenton, New Jersey.

Greystone Park is synonymous with the famous Kirkbride building, built in the Second Empire Victorian style, and at 673,706 total square feet it alleges to be the largest continuous foundation surpassed only by that of the Pentagon built in 1943. 


The State Hospital at Morris Plains, ca. 1899, Morris Plains, New Jersey

“Courtesy of The Morristown & Morris Township Library, 
North Jersey Historical & Genealogy Center”


The Kirkbride Building 
~ Photograph taken by Denise K. Rago, 2013

Nestled in the lush green hills of Morris Plains, New Jersey; Greystone sat on 743 acres.  The plan for the main building called for 40 wards split into two wings, one to house men and the other for women with the center wing housing administrative offices. New dormitories were built to accommodate the inpatient population and the grounds spread to 1000 acres to include staff housing, a chapel, a post office, fire and police stations, a working farm, vocational and recreational facilities, ponds, a morgue stables and greenhouses. The hospital had its own quarry as well as gas and water utilities.  A trolley line connected the hospital with New Jersey Transit. 

Photograph of the train depot 
taken by Denise K. Rago

In later years, tales of the abuse and neglect of patients were synonymous with the institution but in the nineteenth century the belief was that 70 to 90% of insanity cases were curable, however the proper architecture was essential for the comfort, security and recovery of the patients.  Mental illness had been attributed to demonic possession and moral weakness, however, Dr.  Thomas Kirkbride, a Pennsylvania born Quaker, believed that the mentally ill could be treated and cured with kindness and care in an environment designed to treat them. 

Greystone was just the place, complete with airy rooms filled with Victorian furniture, housing only two patients per room; however, to decrease the chances of fire, stone, brick, slate and iron were used in the construction of the buildings. His design, called the Kirkbride model, became popular around the country, written about by Carla Yanni in her book The Architecture of Madness. 

Known to us locals as ‘Greystone’ it was once a place I would avoid, fearful of even driving near the grounds. My mother would jokingly accuse my brothers and I of “sending her to Greystone” with our bad behavior, which meant we were driving her crazy.  It was an anomaly in our middle-class, suburban world. A place for crazy people. And as rumors spread about the patients and how they were treated, most people stayed away. 

The hospital population peaked in the 1950s with the return of soldiers from World War II suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Perhaps Greystone’s most famous patient was folk singer, Woody Guthrie, committed to Greystone on May 29, 1956 with Huntington’s disease, which he inherited from his mother.  Guthrie nicknamed Greystone “Gravestone” and called his hospital ward “Wardy Forty” for Ward 40.  Although he was moved to a New York hospital in 1961 where he died, his daughter Nora has joined in efforts to preserve Greystone. 

Photograph taken of an abandoned building 
by Denise K. Rago

Dormitory photo taken by author 2014

In the 1970s and 1980s, trends in mental health shifted towards the deinstitutionalization of mental patients, and by 2003 the hospital closed its door. There had always been much bad press about the hospital, including stories of patient suicides, the sexual assault of patients and a twice-convicted rapist escaping from the hospital.  In 1974, community homes were built as halfway houses for the patients. 

A new hospital has been built on the same grounds and covers over one square mile and consists of 43 buildings.  Though the historic Kirkbride building remains standing its fate is unclear. An organization formed to preserve the hospital and several of the historic buildings continues to work with the State of New Jersey to take over vacant structures for non-profit agencies.  The County purchased Greystone Park from the State for $1.00 while exploring its options for the park and buildings.
 
Ghost Stories

Once abandoned, rumors of hauntings clouded Greystone, especially involving the dank underground tunnels which connected various building and were used to transport patients and other commodities.  I myself know of people who have worked on the grounds, sharing their tales of “feeling watched” while there or “not able to get out of there quick enough.” 
   

Even while taking photographs, I stay in my car and especially now that the grounds are patrolled daily by the local police.  Still, I cannot imagine the landscape without the Kirkbride building. It is a part the community, for better or worse. 

Filmmaker Sean Stone, son of movie director Oliver Stone, set his sights on making a movie on the grounds of Greystone Park.  Simply titled Greystone Park, the filmmakers came here in 2009 to explore the haunted asylum famous for electroshock, insulin therapy, and lobotomies; however the crew got more than they bargained for and the film is based on their experience 


Here is a trailer for the film Greystone Park.




Weird, New Jersey, a popular magazine, has numerous articles written about the abandoned buildings, the possible demolition of the Kirkbride building, and touring the asylum.  Presently, there are working non-profits on the grounds but the energy feels oppressive, even on a sunny day.  The Kirkbride building has been used in numerous television shows and films, including Marvin’s Room and House, M.D.

Did Jack The Ripper Die in Greystone?

The title of the article in Weird, New Jersey stated, and I was immediately drawn in further to an article published in 1923 in the Empire News about a Norwegian sailor named Fogelma who was committed to the Morris Plains Lunatic Asylum in New Jersey, better known as Greystone. Apparently he was subject to fits of rage and insanity, describing scenes and incidents that clearly connected him with the crimes of 1888 in London.  His sister also found press clippings in his belongings about the Whitechapel murders, and although Scotland Yard was notified, no follow up was ever done.  The archivist at Greystone said there was no record of such a patient, and one wonders about the validity of the newspaper article. But still it’s a great story and who knows?

References for further reading and great photographs:
e)   Greystone Park Psychiatric Hospital – Wikipedia

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Author Denise K. Rago, grew up in Morristown, New Jersey, minutes away from Greystone Psychiatric Hospital.  Author of two paranormal romance novels, Immortal Obsession and Blood Tears, you can learn more about her at www.denisekrago.com.

Wednesday, March 26, 2014

Interview with Horror Author Anthony Hains


My guest author today is Anthony Hains, who wrote a great horror novel, Birth Offering.


Brian: Hi Anthony, welcome to my blog. Tell us about Birth Offering. What’s the basic premise? And what compelled you to write this story?


Anthony: Birth Offering is about a fourteen year old boy named Ryan Perry who has just recently lost his father. He and his mom move to his grandmother’s coastal home in South Carolina for a change of pace. Ryan isn’t thrilled with the idea, but what can he do? Not long after the Perry’s arrival, Ryan is haunted by a malevolent entity masquerading as his double. The hauntings become increasingly dangerous with Ryan suffering injuries. It becomes clear that this specter of ancient evil is intent on destroying Ryan. As if this wasn’t enough, Ryan encounters an additional threat: two menacing boys and their caretaker somehow connected to this other twin. Ryan soon realizes that in order to save himself and his family, he must confront this unimaginable evil head on.


My inspiration for Birth Offering came when we were vacationing on Edisto Island, South Carolina. We (my wife, daughter, and I) spent a week there in August of 1995. At the time, Edisto was not a crowd favorite like Kiawah Island, Hilton Head, and Isle of Palms. Whole sections were undeveloped with beach houses and one relatively small resort area. For all that I know, it may still be that way, which makes it the best kept secret of the South Carolina coast. I hope so. One day we came across the most beautiful road… unpaved and densely lined with live oak trees that were shrouded with Spanish moss. Beyond the live oaks, there were palmettos and other tropical kinds of bushes and trees. The impact of the vegetation was practically cathedral-like. The oak branches met across the road, and the sunlight barely peeked through the hanging moss. It was breathtaking. My wife proclaimed it beautiful, and the only thing I could think about was, “wouldn’t this be a cool setting for a passage in a horror novel?” I visualized someone on the road being stalked, and then chased by something in the vegetation which was gradually working its way towards the road. That imagery stuck with me for years, and ended up in Birth Offering – almost exactly like I had remembered it years earlier.


Brian: The islands off the coast of South Carolina sound intriguing. I’ll have to travel there and explore them. Is anything in your novel based on real life experiences or purely all imagination?


Anthony: Fortunately, the work is entirely based on imagination. Of course, there are minor personal experiences that make it into the book – like seeing the road in South Carolina which gave me the initial idea.


Brian: I’m always amazed what you can come up with when you tap into your imagination. What kind of research did you do?


Anthony: I tried to draw on my knowledge as a psychologist to inform the emotions and behavior of my characters. So, I didn’t have to research that aspect. For instance, my main character is a 14-year-old boy. I am a pediatric psychologist, and have spent my career researching various issues related to adolescence. However, when I came to sections of the novel that involved some aspect of the plot that couldn’t be addressed by psychology (and there were many), I was constantly searching the internet and trying some personal mini-experiments to see if a certain sequence of events was possible.


Brian: Do you have a specific writing style?


Anthony: Since I am a psychologist and a university professor, this means my writing style is that of an academic researcher. Specifically, for the past thirty plus years, I have been writing empirical research articles in APA format (American Psychological Association). In order to write fiction, I had to be on my guard not to slip into scholarly manuscript writing and instead wear my fiction writing hat. I am not sure what I would call that style – since I am still trying to master it.


Brian: What books have influenced your life most?


Anthony: The most significant influences in the realm of horror are probably the earliest ones. In my senior year of high school, two novels came out nearly simultaneously: The Other by Thomas Tryon and The Exorcist by William Peter Blatty. While I had always been a horror movie and monster movie fanatic as a kid, these two books more than any others initiated me into the joys of reading horror. I still regard them as classics. Since then I’ve enjoyed Stephen King for the most part, especially his earlier works and, strangely enough, his very recent works.


In terms of non-horror, I can rattle off a number of titles that moved me at the time I read them and still do today: To Kill a Mockingbird, The Great Gatsby, and In Cold Blood. Interestingly enough, I read these in high school as well. More recently, I have enjoyed the three ‘Colorado’ novels written by Kent Haruf. His latest, Benediction, is an emotionally powerful novel. Finally, Skippy Dies by Paul Murray is probably one of the best books about adolescents. It is simultaneously hilarious and troubling – and informed my fictional writings of teenage characters.


Brian: Describe your path to becoming a published author.


Like many others, this was something I always wanted to do, but I never saw it as a career. However, the initial “nudge” occurred way back in my senior year in college when I took a short fiction writing course. For decades after that class, I always tossed around plots in my head, and even attempted to write once or twice. But, I could never sit still long enough. Finally, about five years ago, I took the plunge and began writing fiction for real.


Things really took off when we became empty nesters. I was able to schedule regular times for writing and always had a plan to write a certain number of words a day. I wasn’t focused on publishing the book, believe it or not. I wanted to see if I could actually complete the task. Once I finished a first draft of Birth Offering, I thought “why not?” So I started investigating the idea of trying to publish the book.


Needless to say, I was naive. The process was long and time consuming – with tons of rejections for agents and publishers. Finally, Damnation Books said ‘yes’.


Brian: Is writing your career or a hobby?


Anthony: I have a career as a psychologist and professor. So, I cannot say I have a career as a writer too. When I think of the word ‘hobby’, though, I think pastime.  I wouldn’t say that either. I take it seriously, and plan to continue.


Brian: How do you market your work? What avenues have you found to work best for your genre?


Anthony: Like millions of others trying to promote their work, I have turned to social media. I’ve created a web page where I attempt to blog fairly regularly. I review other horror novels and novellas in my blog, in an effort to “give back to the field”.  I’ve joined GoodReads and try to take part in some horror-themed discussion groups. My only problem is that I do not have enough time to regularly contribute to those discussions. There are some very knowledgeable readers in those groups, and I have learned a lot from them. In addition, you will find me on Facebook, Google Plus, Twitter, etc.


Brian: Can you tell us something you enjoy doing when not writing?


Anthony: When I’m not writing, I enjoy relaxing with my family and reading (often horror stories, but not always).


Brian: Do you have any advice for other writers?


Anthony: I wish I had some profound advice for other writers, but I really don’t. The cliché responses are the best I can come up with. Stick to it, don’t give up, carve out time for you to write on a regular basis – every day if possible, set a goal… Those are the things that have kept me on task.


Brian: Is there anything that you would like to say to your readers and fans?


Anthony: Thank you for taking the chance to read an unknown writer’s work.


Brian: Birth Offering was a great debut novel. Do you have a new book coming out soon? Tell us about it.


Anthony: I just completed the editing process of Dead Works with my editor at Damnation Books. Dead Works tells the tale of a teenager in therapy because he is seeing ghosts. I realize this sounds like the movie The Sixth Sense, but the plot is considerably different. My professional life contributed a chunk of the source material. The psychologist character is a graduate student in counseling psychology who was working on his PhD. The young therapist is doing his practicum placement at the university counseling center and he is assigned a teenage client who is seeing ‘things’.  I regularly teach a Practicum course where the students are being supervised while they provide therapy. Much of the context for the novel takes place within the counseling relationship between the teen and the student therapist; the story is told from the graduate student’s point of view. The book was a lot of fun to write.


Brian: Sounds like a great story. I’m looking forward to when Dead Works releases. Anthony, thanks so much for stopping by and sharing about your books. For readers who have yet to discover Anthony Hains’ horror fiction, check out Birth Offering which is now available on Amazon, BarnesandNoble.com and wherever books are sold.


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Anthony Hains is a university professor in counseling psychology, with a specialization in pediatric psychology – his research involves working with youth who have a chronic illness. He is married with a daughter in college. Birth Offering his is first novel.  



Twitter:
@AnthonyHains

Thursday, February 27, 2014

My Books Available for 50% Off



For a limited time, all of my horror paperbacks are now on sale direct through my publisher Samhain using the 50% off code: PAPERBACK50.

Go to http://store.samhainpublishing.com/brian-moreland-pa-1662.html


Offer expires soon.

Saturday, January 18, 2014

Is the Molly Stark Hospital in Ohio Truly Haunted?



Today’s guest author is Timothy Yohe, a ghost tracker who writes for The Paranormal Blog. He shares a fascinating ghost story and some creepy photos of a haunted hospital in Ohio.


Is the Molly Stark Hospital in Ohio Truly Haunted? 
                        
An Investigation and Conclusions:
                                 


www.mollystarkbyway.org

Anyone travelling down Ravenna Road on the outskirts of East Canton, Ohio in Nimishillen Township will see a landscape that resembles many of the small towns which are interspersed throughout the state. A large percentage of these towns have stories about spirit activity and unexplained phenomena which occur within their rural boundaries. Limaville is no exception. It is an area filled with small rolling hills and houses built for practicality, many erected around the turn of the 20th century. But through the skeletal trees and down a dusty road lies the questionably haunted grounds of the Molly Stark Sanatorium.

A Walk Down Memory Lane
http://www.mollystarkbyway.org


The hospital received its name from Elizabeth “Molly” Page, the wife of a Revolutionary War soldier named John Stark. Stark was one of George Washington’s generals known for his incredible insight and mastery of the battlefield. Molly, born in 1737 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, married John in 1758, and together they had 11 children. In Dunbarton County, during John’s war years, Molly opened up her already crowded home to take care of soldiers suffering from small pox and other ailments. It was during this period that she became well-known for her nursing efforts whose noble efforts travelled by word of mouth with many of the troops she had cared for in her home. A group of these soldiers eventually migrated into the Ohio area. It is through them, in honor of the Stark family, where Stark County derives its name and where a tubercular hospital was built in her honor (womenhistoryblog.com). 

“On August 23, 1929, Molly Stark Sanatorium opened its doors to the public, providing care to residents…suffering from tuberculosis.” The hospital was designed with balconies, verandahs, and lots of windows to offer its patients plenty of fresh air and ample sunshine, the then believed treatment for their illness. The worse off patients were kept on the second floor with the more mobile ones on the first floor, allowing them access to the grounds filled with nature. “In 1938, the Works Progress Administration installed nearly 1,200 linear feet of tunnels at the sanatorium”, which were meant to house the utility infrastructure, but also became a means of travel underground between buildings. Also, in 1956 and until 1995, the Molly Stark became a hospital for other illnesses. The patients who were admitted here were the mentally ill, those with drug and alcohol abuse and the elderly. Our investigation was organized to focus on each of the three floors. 

Cruising out to Molly Stark with my brother-in-law stirred up conversation between us on the rumors of incidents which some folks have claimed occurred at the site. Although these incidents have not been documented or verified by experts, the stories range from the physical presence of former patients looking out of the windows, orbs of light appearing mostly on the second floor, and voices heard echoing down the hallways and utility shafts. The hospital has never had any formal tours conducted on its grounds throughout its entire history, so any investigators were folks simply showing up and performing their own public investigations. As we turned onto the loose gravel road leading to the Spanish-style architecture building, I loaded my digital camera with the plan to start shooting many photos of the outside perimeter in the hopes of capturing the faces of patients I had heard could be staring out at us.

Someone’s Watching Me


Since Molly Stark Sanatorium was built with many windows, there were lots of opportunities to capture possible apparitions. After reviewing the many photos taken we were able to set aside a few questionable ones, which appeared to reveal faces and upper bodies. Most of them we were able to debunk as either objects inside the room, smears or physical contamination on the window, or abstract lighting. The one we earmarked was done so because we were able to rule out these variables with this apparent apparition and still could not explain the figure to be anything other than someone peering out the window at us. It was indeed an exciting moment!


Photos of the balconies and verandahs generally revealed nothing except for one shot of the far left archway on the front of the hospital closer to the east wing. In our original photo an orb was revealed in the darker area at the top just to the left of the keystone (the photo below is a current picture used for comparison).


The darker photo shown above is from another photographer shooting the same area, and ironically you can see an area of the wall which appears to reveal an orb. There is no architectural structure in this spot – so draw your own conclusions. It does seem that Molly Stark is very consistent with light anomalies in its balconies and verandahs, just as we had heard rumored. It may very well be that these bursts of energy originate from patients who died at the hospital, as they would have been housed on the second floor.

What’s That Sound?
         
During our investigation of the end wall of the east wing we discovered a large hole which looked like a ventilation shaft, fitted with a domed cover. Two members of our team, one female and one male, took turns speaking loudly into the vent. After several attempts we were able to discern 2 responses coming from within the shaft. One response sounded like a “yes” when the question was asked, “Is there anyone there?” The other response sounded like an airy grunt when asked, “What is your name?” We did not carry any sound recording devices with us, so these voices are undocumented personal experiences. At this point we were convinced that Molly Stark Sanatorium is quite active and so I began a search for an entrance into the complex.

Who’s There???


After walking down the back side of the east wing, we came to a juncture where the west wing began. Here there was a window which appeared to have been completely removed and hadn’t been boarded up like all the other ground level entrances. I climbed into a very small room which looked more like it had been used for storage purposes when the hospital had been open. The single door out led me into a hallway filled with debris along with odds and ends furniture. Although the lighting was dimmer in the building, I could still clearly see the elevator doors off to the left, which made the hairs on my arms stand up. As I continued shooting photos while walking down the hallway, I began to hear faint movement on the steps just down near the end. The closer I got to those steps the more intense the alarms starting going off in my head that there was more than one entity approaching. I have always been sensitive to paranormal activity and so I used this as another tool of investigation. And at this point my instincts screamed at me to get out! And so I did very quickly.

Our Thoughts

The investigation of Molly Stark Sanatorium proved to be more active than we expected. All of the rumors I had heard throughout my childhood turned out to be generally true. We do not believe that any of the figures or entities seen or felt in this hospital are of a malevolent nature. After all, Molly herself was a wonderfully caring person and it would certainly seem that the sanatorium named after her followed suit in nature. “[In] April of 2009…the old Molly Stark property [was] [p]urchased from the Stark County Commissioners for the sum of one dollar” and has been made into a county park. The building is set for demolition sometime in the near future. I only wish that any souls trapped within this hospital could be freed to move on. But then again, what nicer place could one roam - filled with sunshine, fresh air, and a deep rooted history!

Works Cited

Raymond Pease Portrait (color) Copley Collection of Bennington Museum, Vermont.
 


Timothy Yohe’s Bio:

Hello! I am an aspiring writer who is in the midst of making a mid-life career change. Although I love to express my culinary talents, I have an even greater passion to teach our youth. I have a deep fascination with the pioneering field of the paranormal and the influx of science to explain the visible and invisible worlds. When I’m not working or writing, I am an active family man, enjoy cycling and hiking through nature, and sipping a glass of cabernet with my wife. My future goals are writing blogs, short stories, books, and novels along with living a simple, non-materialistic life
For more true paranormal stories, check out Timothy Yohe’s Paranormal blog: ghosttracker423.blogspot.com